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Saint Louis

St. Louis

  •   State: 
    Saint Louis County
    Saint Louis
      County FIPS: 
    38°37′38″N 90°11′52″W
      Area total: 
    65.99 sq mi
      Area land: 
    61.72 sq mi (159.85 km²)
      Area water: 
    4.45 sq mi (11.53 km²)
    466 ft (142 m)
    1822; Incorporated 1822
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    St. Louis, MO-IL
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Saint Louis, Saint Louis County, Missouri, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    4,886.23 residents per square mile of area (1,886.59/km²)
      Household income: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

St. Louis was founded on February 14, 1764, by French fur traders Gilbert Antoine de St. Maxent, Pierre Laclède and Auguste Chouteau, who named it for Louis IX of France. Before European settlement, the area was a regional center of Native American Mississippian culture. In 1800, it was retroceded to France, which sold it three years later to the U.S. as part of the Louisiana Purchase. In the 19th century, St. Louis became a major port on the Mississippi River; from 1870 until the 1920 census, It was the fourth-largest city in the country. In 2020, the city proper had a population of 301,578, while the bi-state metropolitan area, which extends into Illinois, had an estimated population of over 2.8 million. It is home to eight Fortune 500 companies, including Ameren Corporation, Peabody Energy, Nestlé Purina PetCare, Anheuser-Busch, Wells Fargo Advisors, MilliporeSigma, FleishmanHillard, Square, Inc., Anthem BlueCross and Blue Shield, Federal Reserve Bank of St Louis, and Express Scripts. Among the city's notable sights is the 630-foot (192 m) Gateway Arch in Downtown St.Louis. The city has four professional sports teams: the St Louis Cardinals of Major League Baseball, the St. Louie Blues of the National Hockey League, St Louis City SC of Major league Soccer, and the St.-Louis BattleHawks of the XFL.


Saint Louis is the primary city name, but also Affton, Grantwood Village, Grantwood Vlg, Lakeshire, Mackenzie, Marlborough, Saint George are acceptable city names or spellings, Green Park, Wilbur Park on the other hand no longer accepted or obsolete and are no longer used as a designation. St. Louis was a center of the Native American Mississippian culture, which built numerous temple and residential earthwork mounds on both sides of the Mississippi River. The earliest European settlements in the area were built in the Illinois Country (also known as Upper Louisiana) during the 1690s and early 1700s at Cahokia, Kaskaskia, and Fort de Chartres. In 1764, after France lost the Seven Years' War, Pierre Laclède and his stepson Auguste Chouteau founded what was to become the city of St. Louis. The French families built the city's economy on the fur trade with the Osage, as well as with more distant tribes along the Missouri River. French colonists used African slaves as domestic servants and workers in the city. The city was attacked by British forces, mostly Native American allies, in 1780 during the American Revolutionary War. In the early 1800s, the city was not recognized by any of the governments. It was thought to be under the control of the Spanish government, but no one asserted any authority over it. In hindsight, many thought of these first few years as "the golden age of St Louis" The city began receiving visits from representatives of the English, French, and Spanish governments in the late 1700s and 1800s. It is now one of the most popular tourist attractions in the United States, with more than 1.5 million visitors a year. It has a population of 1.6 million.


The architecture of St. Louis exhibits a variety of commercial, residential, and monumental architecture. The Gateway Arch is the tallest monument constructed in the United States at 630 feet (190 m) Architectural influences reflected in the area include French Colonial, German, early American, and modern architectural styles. The city is divided into 79-designated neighborhoods, some of which have no legal standing, although some associations administer grants or hold veto power over historic development. In 1904, the city hosted a world's fair at Forest Park called the Louisiana Purchase Ex Exposition. Among the architectural legacy of the fair is the Cass Gilbert Art Museum at the lagoon at the St Louis Zoo at the foot of the Missouri History Museum. The largest and most ornate of these is the Cathedral Basilica of St Louis, designed by Thomas P. Barnett and constructed between 1907 and 1914 in the Neo-Byzantine style. The St Louis Cathedral, as it is known, has one of the largest mosaic collections in the world. Some notable post-modern commercial skyscrapers were built downtown in the 1970s and 1980s, including the One US Bank Plaza (1976), the AT&T Center (1986), and One Metropolitan Square (1989) The most recent high-rise buildings in St. louis include two residential towers: the Park East Tower in the Central West End and the Roberts Tower located downtown. By the 1900 census, St.Louis was the fourth largest city in the country. Its architectural legacy is the 1904, World's Fair-related cultural institutions in Forest Park.


After years of immigration, migration, and expansion, the city reached its peak population in 1950. St. Louis has lost 64.0% of its population since the 1950 United States census, the highest percent of any city that had a population of 100,000 or more at the time of the 1950 Census. Detroit, Michigan, and Youngstown, Ohio, are the only other cities that have had population declines of at least 60% in the same time frame. As of 2010, 91.05% (270,934) of city residents age 5 and older spoke English at home as a primary language, while 2.86% (8,516) spoke Spanish, 0.91% (2,713) Serbo-Croatian, and 0.50% (1,495) African languages. In total, 8% (26,628) of St Louis's population over the age of 5 spoke a mother's language other than English. The city's population decline has resulted in a significant increase of abandoned residential housing units and vacant lots throughout the city proper. Some 19% of the city's housing units were vacant, and slightly less than half of these were vacant structures not for sale or rent. In 2000, the median income for a household in the city was $29,156, and the median Income for a family was $32,585. The population density was 5,158.2 people per square mile (1,990.6/km²). About 24% ofthe population was 19 or younger, 9% were 20 to 24, 31% were 25 to 44, 25% were 45 to 64, and 11% were 65 or older.


The St. Louis metropolitan area had a per-capita GDP of $48,738 in 2014, up 1.6% from the previous year. The health care sector was the area's biggest employer with 34,000 workers, followed by administrative and support jobs, 24,000; manufacturing, 21,000, and food service, 20,000. Notable corporations with operations in the area include Cassidy Turley, Kerry Group, Mastercard, TD Ameritrade, BMO Harris Bank, and World Wide Technology. The St Louis area is a center of medicine and biotechnology. The Washington University School of Medicine is affiliated with Barnes-Jewish Hospital, the fifth largest hospital in the world. The McDonnell Genome Institute at Washington University played a major role in the Human Genome Project. Once built out, Cortex has generated 3,800 tech jobs in 14 years, projections are for it to make $2.800 billion in development and create 13,000 jobs in the region in the next 14 years. In 2013, Microsoft said it would move about 600 jobs from Seattle, where labor costs have risen, to its north St Louis campus, headquarters to its defense unit. Other companies, such as LaunchCode and LockerCode, think the city could become the next major tech hub in the midwest, attracting 15,000 new startups to the region. The city is home to seven Fortune 500 companies, including Centene, Emerson Electric, Reinsurance Group of America, Edward Jones, Olin, Graybar Electric, and Ameren.

Arts and culture

With its French past and waves of Catholic immigrants in the 19th and 20th centuries, St. Louis is a major center of Roman Catholicism in the United States. The city is identified with music and the performing arts, especially its association with blues, jazz, and ragtime. The Gateway Arch anchors downtown St Louis and a historic center that includes: the Federal courthouse where the Dred Scott case was first argued, an expanded public library, major churches and businesses, and retail. In nearby University City is the Delmar Loop, ranked by the American Planning Association as a "great American street" for its variety of shops and restaurants, and the Tivoli Theater, all within walking distance.Unique city and regional cuisine reflecting various immigrant groups include toasted ravioli, gooey butter cake, provel cheese, the slinger, the Gerber sandwich and the St. Paul sandwich. Some St Louis chefs have begun emphasizing use of local produce, meats and fish, and neighborhood farmers' markets have become more popular. Artisan bakeries, salumeria, and chocolatiers also operate in the city. The St Louis Abbey, whose distinctive architectural style garnered multiple awards at the time of its completion in 1962, is a neo-Gothic church completed in 1908. Until 2010, it was also home to KFUO-FM, one of the oldest classical music FM radio stations west of the Mississippi River. The Opera Theatre of St.Louis has been called "one of America's best summer festivals" by the Washington Post.


St. Louis is home to the St. Louis Cardinals of Major League Baseball and the St Louis Blues of the National Hockey League. In 2019, it became the ninth North American city to have won titles in all four major leagues (MLB, NBA, NFL, and NHL) It also has notable and collegiate-level soccer teams and is one of three American cities to have hosted an Olympic Games. The region hosts several minor league sports teams, including the Gateway Grizzlies of the independent Frontier League and the Saint Louis Trotters of the Independent Basketball Association. A proposed soccer-specific stadium for Major League Soccer's St Louis City SC are planned to begin play in 2023. The city also hosts NASCAR racing, NHRA drag racing, and the World Wide Wide Technology Raceway at Gateway International Raceway in Madison, Illinois. It is the site of the U.S. Open, the World Series of Badminton, the NCAA Division I Women's Basketball Championship, the Women's World Cup of Basketball and the NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Championship. It also hosts the NCAA Women's Final Four and the National Invitational Women's Soccer Championship, as well as the NCAA men's and women's Division II Championship and NCAA Division III Women's Division III Championship. The St Louis Cardinals have won 19 National League (NL) titles (the most pennants for the league franchise in one city) and 11 World Series titles (second to the New York Yankees and the most by any NL franchise), recently in 2011. They play at Busch Stadium.

Parks and recreation

The city operates more than 100 parks, with amenities that include sports facilities, playgrounds, concert areas, picnic areas, and lakes. Forest Park is the largest, occupying 1,400 acres of land, making it almost twice as large as Central Park in New York City. The Missouri Botanical Garden, a private garden and botanical research facility, is a National Historic Landmark and one of the oldest botanical gardens in the United States. Tower Grove Park is an urban sculpture park located in downtown St. Louis, with art from Fernand Léger, Aristide Maillol, Julian Opie, Tom Otterness, Niki de Saint Phalle, and Mark di Suvero. Other notable parks in the city include the Serra Sculpture Park, with the 1982 Richard Serra sculpture Twain. The Gateway Arch National Park, a National Memorial designed by noted architect Eero Saarinen and completed on October 28, 1965, is the centerpiece of the park. Also part of the historic park is the Old Courthouse, where the first two trials of Dred Scott v. Sandford were held in 1847 and 1850. The park is divided into three sections, each of which represent a different theme: river bluffs; flood plains; and urban gardens. The St Louis Art Museum, the St Louis Zoo, the Missouri History Museum, and the Muny amphitheatre are all located in the historic downtown area of the city. The city is home to five major institutions.


St. Louis is one of the 41 independent cities in the U.S. that does not legally belong to any county. The 2014 fiscal year budget topped $1 billion for the first time, a 1.9% increase over the $985.2 million budget in 2013. 238,253 registered voters lived in the city in 2012, down from 239,247 in 2010, and 257,442 in 2008. The mayor is the chief executive officer of the city and is responsible for appointing city department heads. The current mayor is Tishaura Jones, who took office April 20, 2021, and is the first African-American woman to hold the post. The Democratic Party has dominated St. Louis city politics for decades. The city has not had a Republican mayor since 1949, and the last time a Republican was elected to another citywide office was in the 1970s. The St Louis Zoo-Museum district collects property taxes from residents of both St Louis City and County and the funds are used to support cultural institutions. The Bi-State Development Agency (now known as Metro) runs the region's MetroLink light rail system and bus system. St Louis is split between districts in the Missouri House of Representatives: all of the 76th, 77th, 78th, 80th, 81st, 84th, and 93rd, which are shared with St Louis County. The 5th district is entirely within the city, while the 4th is shared with the county. A significant portion of northern St Louis county includes part of Missouri's 1st congressional district, which also includes St Louis.


The city is home to three national research universities, University of Missouri-St. Louis, Washington University in St. Louis and Saint Louis University. Washington University School of Medicine has been ranked among the top 10 medical schools in the country by U.S. News & World Report for as long as the list has been published. The city also has several private high schools, including secular, Montessori, Catholic and Lutheran schools. The state-operated K-12 boarding school Missouri School for the Blind is in the city. St Louis Public Schools (SLPS), which covers the entire city, operate more than 75 schools, attended by more than 25,000 students, including several magnet schools. SLPS operates under provisional accreditation from the state of Missouri and is under the governance of a state-appointed school board called the Special Administrative Board. Since 2000, charter schools have operated in theCity of St.Louis using authorization from Missouri state law. These schools are sponsored by local institutions or corporations and take in students from kindergarten through high school. St. Louie University High School, a Jesuit preparatory high school founded in 1818, is the oldest secondary educational institution in the U.S. west of the Mississippi River. The Archdiocese of St.-Louis operates dozens of parochial schools inThe city has three Protestant seminaries: Eden Theological Seminary of the United Church of Christ, Covenant Theological Seminaries of the Presbyterian Church in America, and Concordia Seminary.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Saint Louis, Saint Louis County, Missouri = 13. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 20. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 10. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Saint Louis = 4.2 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 110,003 individuals with a median age of 36.6 age the population grows by 0.50% in Saint Louis, Saint Louis County, Missouri population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 4,886.23 residents per square mile of area (1,886.59/km²). There are average 2.31 people per household in the 146,707 households with an average household income of $33,635 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is of the available work force and has dropped -3.51% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 22.08%. The number of physicians in Saint Louis per 100,000 population = 286.7.


The annual rainfall in Saint Louis = 39 inches and the annual snowfall = 8.1 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 107. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 202. 90 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 22.1 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 34, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Saint Louis, Saint Louis County, Missouri which are owned by the occupant = 38.31%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 65 years with median home cost = $113,060 and home appreciation of 0.52%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $10.74 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $4,902 per student. There are 16.4 students for each teacher in the school, 560 students for each Librarian and 362 students for each Counselor. 4.46% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 11.78% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 8.05% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Saint Louis's population in Saint Louis County, Missouri of 575,238 residents in 1930 has dropped 0,19-fold to 110,003 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 52.35% female residents and 47.65% male residents live in Saint Louis, Saint Louis County, Missouri.

    As of 2020 in Saint Louis, Saint Louis County, Missouri are married and the remaining 62.43% are single population.

  • 26.3 minutes is the average time that residents in Saint Louis require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    68.78% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 13.35% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 10.46% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 1.76% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Saint Louis, Saint Louis County, Missouri, 38.31% are owner-occupied homes, another 44.12% are rented apartments, and the remaining 17.57% are vacant.

  • The 39.61% of the population in Saint Louis, Saint Louis County, Missouri who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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