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Saint Joseph

St. Joseph

  •   State: 
    Buchanan County
    Saint Joseph
      County FIPS: 
    39°45′29″N 94°50′12″W
      Area total: 
    44.82 sq mi (116.09 km²)
      Area land: 
    44.04 sq mi (114.05 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.79 sq mi (2.04 km²)
    889 ft (271 m)
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    St. Joseph, MO-KS
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Saint Joseph, Buchanan County, Missouri, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    1,645.77 residents per square mile of area (635.43/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

St. Joseph is a city in and the county seat of Buchanan County, Missouri. Located on the Missouri River, it is the principal city of the St. Joseph Metropolitan Statistical Area, which includes Buchanan, Andrew, and DeKalb counties in Missouri and Doniphan County, Kansas. The city was named after the town's founder Joseph Robidoux and the biblical Saint Joseph. It is the birthplace of rapper and songwriter Eminem, who grew up in and has made his career in Detroit, Michigan. In the nineteenth century, it was the death place of American outlaw Jesse James. It was also the starting point of the Pony Express serving the West. As of the 2020 census, it had a total population of 72,473, making it the eighth largest city in the state, and the third largest in Northwest Missouri. The town's main hotel was Patee House, now serving as a museum of transportation. The Walnut Park Farm Historic District near St.Joseph was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1999. It became the home to one of the largest wholesale companies in the Midwest, the Naveant Mercantile & McCantile Company, as well as the Hannibal and St Joseph Railroad and the C.D. Smith & Smith & Company. It also has the Missouri Theatre, an ornate movie palace. St. Joe is identified by the slogan, "Where the pony Express started and Jesse James ended." It was a "Jumping-Off Point" for those migrants headed to the Oregon Territory in the mid-1800s.


Saint Joseph is the primary city name, but also Country Club are acceptable city names or spellings, St Joseph on the other hand no longer accepted or obsolete and are no longer used as a designation. St. Joseph was founded in 1843 by Joseph Robidoux, a local fur trader of French Canadian descent. It was the westernmost point in the United States accessible by rail until after the American Civil War. The town was the second city in the US to install electric streetcars; regular service was initiated on July 4, 1888. Outlaw Jesse James lived here under the alias "Mr. Howard". The song, "Jesse James", includes the lines, "...that dirty little coward that shot Mr. Howard has laid poor Jesse in his grave." On April 3, 1882, James was killed at his home, originally located at 1318 Lafayette. It has been relocated next to the Patee House and still has the visible bullet hole from the fatal shot. Today the Pony Express Museum hosts visitors in the former stables of the company. The Walnut Park Farm Historic District was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1999. St. Joseph's population peaked in 1900, with a census population of 102,979. At the time, it was the home to one of the largest wholesale companies in the Midwest, the Nave & McCord Mercantile Company, as well as the Hannibal and St Joseph Railroad, and the C.D. Smith & Company. It became Horace Mann Elementary with desegregation in 1954. It is now operated as the Jesse James Home Museum. The main eastwest downtown streets were named for Robidsoux's eight children: Faraon, Jules, Francois (Francis), Felix, Edmond, Charles, Sylvanie, and Messanie.

Geography and climate

Saint Joseph is located at 39°4529N 94°5012W (39.757944, -94.836541), on the Missouri/Kansas border in northwestern Missouri, also close to Nebraska. The nearest major metropolitan area to St. Joseph is the Kansas City Metropolitan Area, which begins approximately 30 miles (48 km) to the south. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 44.77 square miles (115.95 km²), of which 43.99square miles (113.93 km²) is land and 0.78 square miles of water. Under the Köppen climate classification, St Joseph has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa) bordering on a humid continental climate (Dfa) Under United States isotherms of 32 °F (0 °C) the station is firmly continental. The monthly weather averages listed below are taken from National Weather Service 1981-2010 Normals recorded at Rosecrans Airport. Because of the Airport's location near the Missouri River and at a low elevation, official overnight lows during wintertime especially are often several degrees colder than at other places within the city. Snowfall is not recorded at the St Joseph weather station although surrounding reporting stations typically receive 12-20 inches of snowfall annually. The city is home to the National Football League's Kansas City Chiefs, who play in the NFL's Missouri Valley Football Conference. The team's home field is the University of Missouri-Kansas City.


As of the census of 2010, there were 76,780 people, 29,727 households, and 18,492 families residing in the city. There were 33,189 housing units at an average density of 754.5 per square mile (291.3/km²) The racial makeup of the city was 87.8% White, 6.0% Black, 0.5% Native American,0.9% Asian, 0,2% Pacific Islander, 2.7% from two or more races, and 2.6% from other races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.7%. The median income for a household in theCity was $32,663, and the median income. for a family was $40,995. About 9.1% of families and 13.0%. of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.5%. of those under age 18 and 9.8. of those age 65 or older. The city had a population of 75,000 in 1900. The actual population in 1900 is believed to be closer to 80,000. The U.S. Census Bureau estimates the city's current population to be around 76,000 people. The current population is about 76,700. The population of the City of Laredo, Texas, is estimated to be about 73,500 people. It is the second-largest city in the state, after Laredos, Texas. It has a population density of 1,745.4 inhabitants per squaremile (673.9/ km²).


St. Joseph has the 3rd largest manufacturing economy in Missouri, after Saint Louis and Kansas City. In June 2019, total employment in the St. Joseph Metropolitan Area was 65,099 persons. The city is at the center of the Kansas City Animal Health Triangle, which extends from Manhattan, KS to Columbia, MO. Saint Joseph is home to several retail areas, many of which are grouped along Belt Highway on the city's east side. The Shoppes at North Village is concentrated along North Belt Highway between approximately Cook and County Line roads. Other shopping districts include Belt Center, Hy-Vee Shopping Center, Hillcrest Plaza, East Ridge Village, and Woodlawn Shopping Center. Other privately held manufacturing companies are also top employers but they do not publicly disclose employment numbers. The local area supports a large food processing industry. Bio-fuels, meat and grains processing, candies, and various other products well known throughout North America are made in Saint Joseph. Other agricultural products including herbicides for crop production are produced in St Joseph. The St.Joseph trade area encompasses parts of NE Kansas, NW Missouri, SE Nebraska, and SW Iowa. The area's trade area also includes parts of SE Kansas, SE Missouri, and SE Nebraska. It is also home to a number of manufacturing companies, such as Herzog Contracting, which provides construction services, rail equipment, rail testing, and signaling services to freight and transit systems throughout the U.S. and the Caribbean. Attached is a list of the largest employers in the city.


The St. Joseph School District operates three public high schools, four public middle schools and 16 public elementary schools. There are three private grade schools, a private high school and a private K-12 Christian school. Two new elementary schools (Oak Grove and Carden Park) have been constructed, and both opened by the 201415 academic year. There is an active home education community that serves the city and surrounding areas. The city has a four-branch public library system. The Downtown Library and Carnegie Library were listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1982 and 1990 respectively. The library system is overseen by the Library Board which consists of nine members appointed by the mayor, with city council approval, for three-year terms. The town is home to a regional public university as well as a public university outreach center, a public technical school, and aPrivate technical school. The community also has a number of special focus institutions, such as the American College of Technology and the Webster Learning Center. It is the home of the Missouri Western State University, which offers a variety of programs for students of all skill levels and backgrounds. It also has an active community college program, which serves the greater St.Joseph area. The St. Joe High School is located in the city's central business district. The high school is one of the largest in the state, with more than 1,000 students enrolled. It was founded in 1903 and is the oldest public high school in Missouri. The school's mascot is the Fighting Saints.


The city is served by two Interstate highways, one proposed interstate, and four U.S. Routes. Rosecrans Memorial Airport is a joint municipal/military owned airport for general aviation. The nearest commercial airport is Kansas City International Airport, which is approximately 35 miles (56 km) to the south. Four state routes serve the city: Route 6, Route 371, Route 752, and Route 759. St. Joseph is the home of the 139th Airlift Wing of the Missouri Air National Guard, and does not have commercial service. The city is home to the Missouri State Museum, which was founded in 1872. The Missouri State Highway and Transportation Museum was established in 1874. The museum is located in the city's downtown area and is open to the public. It is also home to a museum of Missouri history, which dates back to the 18th century. It was also the site of the state's first general store, which opened in 1876. The St.Joseph Museum is located on the former site of a former courthouse. The current museum was built in 1881. The town is home of a number of historic buildings, including the Missouri National Guard Museum. The former Missouri State Hospital is located near the center of the city, and is now part of the University of Missouri-St. Joseph. It has a campus of the College of Medicine and Health Sciences, which also opened in the late 1800s. The University of Kansas-Saint Joseph has a history of being a leader in urban planning.


Numerous parks, golf courses, sports complexes, skate parks, a water park, a riverwalk along the Missouri River, and a small conservation area can be found throughout St. Joseph proper. The city is also nationally known for its 26-mile (42 km) parkway system, which is accompanied by an urban trail system. Two of the city's largest parks are Krug Park and Hyde Park; these respectively anchor the parkway and urban trail on the north and south. A dog park has been added to the parkways system near Corby Pond. A water park is located on the banks of the Mississippi River near the town of St.Joseph. The St. Joe River runs through the city and is a popular destination for kayakers and swimmers. The Missouri River is also a popular tourist destination, with a number of restaurants, hotels, casinos and other tourist attractions on its banks. The river is also home to a large number of historic buildings, many of which date back to the 18th century. It is the only city in Missouri that has a National Register of Historic Places site, which dates back to 1805. The National Park Service operates a park system in the city, which was established in the early 1900s. The park system is one of the oldest in the U.S. and has a total of 26 miles (42 kilometers) of trails. It also includes a trail system that runs from the north to the south, which runs along the river's edge.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Saint Joseph, Buchanan County, Missouri = 54.1. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 73. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 10. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Saint Joseph = 4.4 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 72,473 individuals with a median age of 36.3 age the population grows by 0.44% in Saint Joseph, Buchanan County, Missouri population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 1,645.77 residents per square mile of area (635.43/km²). There are average 2.37 people per household in the 29,286 households with an average household income of $38,585 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 8.60% of the available work force and has dropped -0.67% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 30.06%. The number of physicians in Saint Joseph per 100,000 population = 214.4.


The annual rainfall in Saint Joseph = 34.3 inches and the annual snowfall = 12.8 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 90. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 219. 90 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 15.6 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 31, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Saint Joseph, Buchanan County, Missouri which are owned by the occupant = 58.67%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 51 years with median home cost = $87,620 and home appreciation of -4.49%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $6.93 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $4,704 per student. There are 15.4 students for each teacher in the school, 1465 students for each Librarian and 330 students for each Counselor. 3.92% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 11.72% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 5.92% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Saint Joseph's population in Buchanan County, Missouri of 102,979 residents in 1930 has dropped 0,7-fold to 72,473 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 50.63% female residents and 49.37% male residents live in Saint Joseph, Buchanan County, Missouri.

    As of 2020 in Saint Joseph, Buchanan County, Missouri are married and the remaining 46.71% are single population.

  • 19.3 minutes is the average time that residents in Saint Joseph require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    82.77% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 11.90% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 0.88% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 2.00% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Saint Joseph, Buchanan County, Missouri, 58.67% are owner-occupied homes, another 31.83% are rented apartments, and the remaining 9.51% are vacant.

  • The 55.47% of the population in Saint Joseph, Buchanan County, Missouri who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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