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Peabody, Massachusetts

  •   State: 
    Essex County
      County FIPS: 
    42°31′40″N 70°55′45″W
      Area total: 
    16.81 sq mi (43.54 km²)
      Area land: 
    16.24 sq mi (42.05 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.57 sq mi (1.49 km²)
    17 ft (5 m)
    1626; Settled 1626; Incorporated 1855 (town); Incorporated 1916 (city)
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Peabody, Essex County, Massachusetts, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    3,355.36 residents per square mile of area (1,295.54/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

Peabody is a city in Essex County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 54,481 at the time of the 2020 United States Census. The city is known for its leather industry, which attracted immigrants from all around the world. In 1915, Peabody became the first city in the United States to establish a law that all entrances or exits in public buildings be push-open, rather than by handle or knob. The Northshore Mall, originally known as the Northshore Shopping Center, is one of the region's largest shopping malls. The mascot of PeabODY Veterans Memorial High School is named the Tanners, after the town's famous leather tanneries. The area was settled as part of Salem in 1626 by a small group of English colonists from Cape Ann led by Roger Conant. Several area residents were accused of witchcraft during the Salem witch trials of the late 17th century, three of whom were executed (John Proctor, Giles Corey, and Martha Corey). In 1752, the area was set off from Salem, and incorporated as a district of Danvers. In 1855, the community broke away from Danvers, and was incorporated as the independent town of South Danvers; the name was changed to Peab Cody on April 30, 1868. It was granted city status in 1916, and is known locally as the Leather City or Tanner City. It is also the most popular location of the Salem Country Club, a privately owned country club with a professional golf course.


The area was settled as part of Salem in 1626 by a small group of English colonists from Cape Ann led by Roger Conant. It was subsequently referred to as the Northfields, Salem Farms, and Brooksby. Several area residents were accused of witchcraft during the Salem witch trials of the late 17th century. In 1752, the area was set off from Salem, and incorporated as a district of Danvers. In 1855, the community broke away from Danvers, and was incorporated as the independent town of SouthDanvers. The name was changed to Peabody on April 30, 1868, in honor of noted philanthropist George PeabODY, widely regarded as the "father of modern philanthropy". It was granted city status in 1916. The western, less densely populated area of town is often separately, yet unofficially, referred to by locals as WestPeabody. The city has made up for the erosion of its industrial base, at least in part, through other forms of economic development. The Northshore Mall is one of the region's largest shopping malls. Brooksby Farm, a 275-acre (1.11 km²) working farm and conservation area, has been a popular destination for decades. The location of the Salem Country Club, a privately owned country club with a professional golf course, hosted the U.S. Women's Open in 1954 and 1984, and the Senior Open in 2001. It is also home to the Northshore Shopping Center, which opened in 1958 as an outdoor shopping center.


Peabody is located at 42°323N 70°5741W (42.534045, 70.961465). The city is wedge-shaped, with the city center located in the wider southeast end. The largest protected portion of the city is the Brooksby Farm, whose land includes the Nathaniel Felton Houses. The northwestern border of Peabody lies along the Ipswich River, with brooks feeding it, and the Waters River, a tributary of the Danvers River, drains the northeast part of town. Several other ponds and a portion of Suntaug Lake lie within town. The city's center is 2 miles (3 km) from the center of Salem, 15 miles (24 km) northeast of Boston, 18 miles (29 km) west-southwest of Gloucester, and 18 years (29km) southeast of Lawrence. It is also bordered by Middleton to the northwest, Danvers to the north, Salem to the east, Lynn to the south and Lynnfield to the southwest. The U.S. Census Bureau says the city has a total area of 16.8 square miles (43.5 km²), of which 16.2 square miles is land and 0.58 sq miles (1.5km²) is water. It has a population of 2,071 (2,074 people) as of the 2010 U.N. World Population Census, and has an estimated population of 3,072 (3,077 people) in the city.


As of the census of 2010, there were 51,251 people living in the city and a total of 22,220 housing units. The city has had a very large Greek population ever since the early 20th century. In the 21st century, Brazilians came in large swathes. Peabody was ranked the 14th most livable city in the United States in the April 2009 edition of Forbes magazine. The median income for a household in theCity was $65,515, and the median income. for a family was $80,471. About 4.4% of families and 6.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.8% of those under age 18 and 7.9% ofThose age 65 or over. The racial makeup of the city was 90.4 per cent White, 2.4 percent African American, 6. 3 per cent Hispanic or Latino of any race (1.3 per cent Puerto Rican, 0.3 percent Mexican, and 4.5 per cent Cuban), 1.9 per cent Asian, 3.8 per cent from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. The population was spread out, with 21.1% under the age of 20, 22.5% from 20 to 39, 29.8%. from 40 to 59, and 26.5%. who were 60 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 3.02. For every 100 females, there are 90.3 males.


Peabody is represented in the state legislature by officials elected from the following districts: Massachusetts Senate's 2nd Essex district; Massachusetts House of Representatives' 12th Essex district. Peabody also has a city council and a town council. The city council is made up of four members. The town council has four members and the city council has one. The mayor is a member of the town council and the mayor is the town's mayor. The community council has three members and one city council member. The village council has two members and two city council members. It has a mayor and three town council members, all of whom are from the same district. It also has two city councils and one town council, both of which are based in the town of Peabodyshire. Its mayor is elected to the state senate from the 2nd district. Its town council member is elected from a district in the 12th district. its mayor is from the 13th district and its council member from the 14th district, both from the 15th. It is the city's mayor and town council's representative from the 16th district; its council members are from both the 11th and 13th districts. It's the state House of Reps' 13th and 12th districts, both in the Essex area. Its state senators are elected from districts 12 and 13. Its representatives are from districts 11 and 12 in the East coast area. It was the site of a World War II-erapox epidemic.


The economy of Boston, Massachusetts is one of the largest in the United States. The city is home to many major employers, including a major hospital and a major bookstore. The economy is expected to grow by 2.5 percent in the next year. The U.S. economy is predicted to grow at a rate of 2.7 percent in 2014. The unemployment rate is currently at 1.8 percent. The national economy is projected to grow 2.6 percent in 2015. The growth rate is expected at 2.9 percent in 2016. The United States is projected for a growth rate of 3.0 percent in 2013. The world's economy is forecast to grow 3.4 percent in 2012 and 3.8% in 2013, according to the U.N. World Economic Forum. The global economy is set to grow 1.7% in the same year, the World Economic forum says. In 2012, the world's economies grew at a pace of 1.9% and 2.4% respectively. In 2013, the global economy grew by 1.6% and 1.5%. The world will grow by 3.5% in 2014 and 2015, the United Nations says, and it expects the global growth rate to reach 3.7%. The U.,S. will grow at the rate of 4.0% in 2015 and 2015. It is expected that the world will experience a growth of 3% in 2016 and 2015 in the global economic growth rate, and 2% in each year.


Peabody Veterans Memorial High School is a grade 912 public high school serving Peabody residents. As of April 2008, there were 1,898 students enrolled in the school, and 146 teachers. J. Henry Higgins Middle School, a grade 68 public middle school, with a hawk as its mascot. Covenant Christian Academy, a Christian and classical preparatory school for students Pre-K through 12th grade. They serve students from over 45 cities and towns in eastern Massachusetts. St. John The Baptist School, is a private Catholic school that teaches up to grade 8. It currently has approximately 400 students. It moved into the old John F. Kennedy Junior High School in West PeabODY in 2005. It is located in the city near the boundary with Salem, Danvers, and Beverly. The school is currently has just under 600 students. The athletic teams are known as the Peabodys Tanners, and the school's mascot is the hawk. The football team is known as The Tanners. The basketball team is called The Tans, and they are known for their fast-paced, high-scoring games. The soccer team has a winning record of 1.5 out of 2. The baseball team has an average attendance of over 1,000. The team's nickname is the Tanners and the team's colors are blue and white. It has a mascot of the same name, which means "tanners" or "tans" in English. It also has a football team known as "Tanners".


Peabody is the site of the large intersection of Interstate 95, Massachusetts Route 128, and U.S. Route 1. I-95 and Route 128 share a 37-mile long concurrency as a half beltway around Boston, but in Peabody, the two highways split. The nearest commuter rail service is in Salem, along the Newburyport/Rockport Line of the MBTA Commuter Rail, with service to Boston's North Station. National and international air service is located at Boston's Logan International Airport. The city's municipal light plant provides electricity and natural gas service to the city. Cable television is provided by Comcast and the City in June 2019 issued a second Cable TV license to RCN. The nearest airport is the Beverly Municipal Airport, and the nearest national and internationalAirport is located in Beverly, about 40 miles from Peabodyshore. The town is located on the Massachusetts Turnpike, which runs from Boston to the New Hampshire border. It is also on the New England Rail Trail, which passes through the town of Danvers, and runs from Danvers to Salem. It also runs from Lynnfield to Salem, with one line passing through the northeast corner of the city, and another, mostly abandoned, line passing from Middleton to the south of the town. It was once part of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, but was later absorbed by the Boston Red Sox, who used it as a base for their World Series football team.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Peabody, Essex County, Massachusetts = 36.8. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 13. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 10. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Peabody = 3.2 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 23,973 individuals with a median age of 43.1 age the population grows by 7.81% in Peabody, Essex County, Massachusetts population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 3,355.36 residents per square mile of area (1,295.54/km²). There are average 2.51 people per household in the 20,358 households with an average household income of $67,036 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 8.30% of the available work force and has dropped -4.20% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 23.30%. The number of physicians in Peabody per 100,000 population = 202.3.


The annual rainfall in Peabody = 47.7 inches and the annual snowfall = 48 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 118. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 202. 83 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 18.4 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 51, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Peabody, Essex County, Massachusetts which are owned by the occupant = 68.70%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 45 years with median home cost = $248,690 and home appreciation of -7.74%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $11.64 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $6,993 per student. There are 14.4 students for each teacher in the school, 2143 students for each Librarian and 338 students for each Counselor. 8.26% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 15.55% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 7.32% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Peabody's population in Essex County, Massachusetts of 13,258 residents in 1900 has increased 1,81-fold to 23,973 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 51.82% female residents and 48.18% male residents live in Peabody, Essex County, Massachusetts.

    As of 2020 in Peabody, Essex County, Massachusetts are married and the remaining 42.07% are single population.

  • 26.8 minutes is the average time that residents in Peabody require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    85.88% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 8.10% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 2.32% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 1.81% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Peabody, Essex County, Massachusetts, 68.70% are owner-occupied homes, another 29.12% are rented apartments, and the remaining 2.18% are vacant.

  • The 59.56% of the population in Peabody, Essex County, Massachusetts who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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