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  •   State: 
    Jefferson County
      County FIPS: 
    38°15′22″N 85°45′05″W
      Area total: 
    341.44 sq mi
      Area land: 
    324.94 sq mi (841.59 km²)
      Area water: 
    16.50 sq mi (42.73 km²)
    466 ft (142 m)
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Louisville, Jefferson County, Kentucky, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    1,900 residents per square mile of area (720/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

Louisville is the largest city in Kentucky and the 28th most-populous city in the United States. It is the historical seat and, since 2003, the nominal seat of Jefferson County, on the Indiana border. It was the founding city of the Louisville and Nashville Railroad, which grew into a 6,000-mile (9,700 km) system across 13 states. Louisville is the home of boxer Muhammad Ali, the Kentucky Derby, Kentucky Fried Chicken, the University of Louisville and its Cardinals, Louisville Slugger baseball bats, and three of Kentucky's six Fortune 500 companies: Humana, Kindred Healthcare, and Yum! Brands. Muhammad Ali International Airport, Louisville's main commercial airport, hosts UPS's worldwide hub. The Louisville-Jefferson County, KY-IN Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) includes Louisville and 12 surrounding counties. As of 2019, the MSA had a population of 1,395,634, ranking 43rd nationally. The city was named in honor of King Louis XVI of France, whose soldiers were then aiding Americans in the Revolutionary War. The first European settlement in the vicinity of modern-day Louisville was on Corn Island in 1778 by Col. George Rogers Clark, credited as the founder of Louisville. In 1803, explorers Meriwether Lewis and William Clark organized their expedition across America in the town of Clarksville, Indiana at the present-day Falls of the Ohio opposite Louisville, Kentucky. During the Civil War, Louisville was a major stronghold of Union forces, which kept Kentucky firmly in the Union.


Louisville is the primary city name, but also Anchorage, Blue Rdg Mnr, Blue Ridge Manor, Meadowbrk Frm, Meadowbrook Farm, Moorland, Sycamore, Wildwood are acceptable city names or spellings. Louisville was named in honor of King Louis XVI of France, whose soldiers were aiding Americans in the Revolutionary War. Early residents lived in forts to protect themselves from Indian raids, but moved out by the late 1780s. Early Louisville was a major shipping port and enslaved African Americans worked in a variety of associated trades. The moniker "Gateway to the South" comes from the large number of African Americans that moved to Louisville during the period of the Great Migration in the beginning of the 20th century. The first Kentucky Derby was held on May 17, 1875, at the Louisville Jockey Club track (later renamed Churchill Downs) On March 27, 1890, the city was devastated and its downtown nearly destroyed when what scientists now estimate was an F4 tornado tore through as part of the middle Mississippi Valley tornado outbreak. It is estimated that between 74 and 120 people were killed and 200 were injured. The damage cost the city $2.5 million (equivalent to $69 million in 2019). Established in 1896, Neighborhood House Louisville was the first settlement movement house in the state. After urban renewal programs demolished many of the existing neighborhood structures in the 1950s, it came to be known today as the Park DuValle neighborhood. In 1917, the U.S. Supreme Court agreed to hear the case of Buchanan v. Warley, setting a motion in motion for the payment of damages in a breach of contract suit by Charles Buchanan, a real estate agent. The court struck down the contract, setting in motion a series of legal proceedings.


Louisville is southeasterly situated along the border between Kentucky and Indiana, the Ohio River, in north-central Kentucky at the Falls of the Ohio. The Old Louisville neighborhood is the largest historic preservation district solely featuring Victorian homes and buildings in the United States. The Louisville-Jefferson County, KY-IN Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), the 43rd largest in the U.S., includes the Kentucky county of Jefferson (coterminous with Louisville Metro), plus twelve outlying countiesseven in Kentucky and five in Southern Indiana. It is sometimes referred to as either one of the northernmost Southern cities or as one ofthe southernmost Northern cities. The city's architecture contains a blend of old and new. The buildings of West Main Street in downtown Louisville have the largest collection of cast iron facades of anywhere outside of New York's SoHo neighborhood. Louisville has in some ways been divided into three sides of town: the West End, the South End, and the East End. According to the Greater Louisville Association of Realtors, the lowest home sales price is west of Interstate 65, in the South Ends. The median home sales prices are between 64 and 65 in the East and South Ends, with the highest home prices in the West and South End. The average price for a home in Louisville is over $100,000, the highest rate in the Southeast and the highest in the Midwest. Louisville is an Upper South city located in a Southern state that is influenced by both Southern and Midwestern culture.


As of the 2000 census, Louisville had a population of 256,231, down from the 1990 census population of 269,063. Due to the city-county merger that occurred in 2003, which expanded the city limits, the city's population increased to 597,337 at the 2010 census count. Louisville hosts religious institutions of various faiths, including Christianity, Judaism, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism and the Baháí Faith. Most of Louisville's Roman Catholic population is of German descent, the result of large-scale 19th-century immigration. Bellarmine University and Spalding University in Louisville are affiliated with the Roman Catholic Church. One in three Louisvillians is Southern Baptist, belonging to one of 147 local congregations. The city is home to two megachurches, Christ United Methodist Church, and the St. Stephen Church of the United States of America, the seventh-largest church in the U.S. and 38th largest in the US. Louisville is the largest city in Kentucky, with 17.1% of the state's total population as of 2010; the balance's percentage was 13.8%. In 2010, over one-third of the population growth in Kentucky was in Louisville's CSA counties. In 2017, males had a median income of $36,326 while females had a Median income of$30,464. About 9.5% of families and 15.1%. of the residents were below the poverty line in 2017, including 23.5%. of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those ages 65 or over.


Louisville is home to dozens of companies and organizations across several industrial classifications. The city is also a major center of the American whiskey industry, with about one-third of all bourbon whiskey coming from Louisville. Louisville prides itself in its large assortment of small, independent businesses and restaurants, some of which have become known for their ingenuity and creativity. Several major motion pictures have also been filmed in or near Louisville, including The Insider, Goldfinger, Stripes, Lawn Dogs, Elizabethtown, and Secretariat. Code Louisville, the city's publicprivate partnership for teaching people entry level software development skills, received recognition in 2015 from then-President Barack Obama. The Port of Louisville continues Louisville's river shipping presence at Jefferson Riverport International. As of 2003, Louisville ranks as the seventh-largest inland port in the United States. The current primary distillery site operated by Heaven Hill, called the Bernheim distillery, is also located in Louisville near Brown-Forman's distillery. Other distilleries and related businesses can also be found in neighboring cities in Kentucky, such as Bardstown, Clermont, Lawrenceburg, and Loretto. Similar to the Kentucky Bourbon Trail that links these central Kentucky locations, Louisville offers tourists its own "Urban Bourbon Trail", where people can stop at nearly 20 "area bars and restaurants", all offering at least 50 labels of America's only native spirit. The Louisville and Portland Canal and the Louisville and Nashville Railroad were important links in water and rail transportation. Louisville's location at the crossroads of three major interstate highways also contributes to its modern-day strategic importance to the shipping and cargo industry.


Louisville is home to a thriving indie music scene with bands such as Love Jones, Tantric, Squirrel Bait, CABIN, Slint, My Morning Jacket, Houndmouth, Young Widows and Wax Fang. The Forecastle Festival draws 35,000 visitors annually to Louisville Waterfront Park in celebration of the best in music, art and environmental activism. Past performers include The Black Keys, The Flaming Lips, Widespread Panic, The Smashing Pumpkins, The Avett Brothers, The Black Crowes and hundreds more. Popular local singer Bryson Tiller paid homage to Louisville is his chart-topping song "502", referencing the city's U.S. code. The city's music scene is not only funded by local listeners, but also by national musicians and public radio station 91.9 WFPK, a local radio station funded in part by listeners from national and international listeners. The Kentucky State Fair is held every August at the Kentucky Exposition Center in Louisville as well, featuring an array of culture from all areas of Kentucky. In places, the African American community celebrates Juneteenth commemorating June 19, 1865, when enslaved African Americans in the western territories learned of their freedom. In September, in nearby Bardstown, is the annual Kentucky Bourbon Festival, which celebrates the history and art of distilling bourbon whiskey. The month of October features the St. James Court Art Show in Old Louisville, where thousands of artists gather on the streets and in the courtyard to exhibit and sell their wares.

Parks and outdoor attractions

Louisville Metro has 122 city parks covering more than 13,000 acres (53 km²) Several of these parks were designed by Frederick Law Olmsted, who also designed New York City's Central Park. Cherokee Park, one of the most visited parks in the nation, features a 2.6-mile (4.2 km) mixed-use loop. The Jefferson Memorial Forest, at 6,218 acres (25.16 km²), is the largest municipal urban forest in the United States. Other outdoor points of interest in the Louisville area include Cave Hill Cemetery, Zachary Taylor National Cemetery, the Louisville Zoo and the Falls of the Ohio National Wildlife Conservation Area. In development is the City of Parks, a project to create a 110- miles (180 km) continuous paved pedestrian and biking trail called the Louisville Loop around Louisville Metro while also adding a large amount of park land to the system. The Big Four Bridge, a former railroad bridge spanning 547 feet (167 m) but is now a pedestrian bridge connecting Waterfront Park with Jeffersonville, Indiana's waterfront park, fully opened in May 2014 with the completion of Jeffersonville's ramp. The Louisville Zoo is located in the city's historic downtown area. It is home to the Kentucky Zoo, which was founded in 1872 and is the oldest continuously operating zoo in the U.S. The zoo is also the home of the Kentucky Museum of Natural History, which dates back to 1872. The museum is the only museum in the state to be named after a living person.


Since January 6, 2003, Louisville has merged its government with that of Jefferson County, forming coterminous borders. Louisville was the second and only other city in the state to merge with its county. In 2021, Louisville broke the record for overdoses in the city. Violent crime is most concentrated west of downtown, especially in the Russell neighborhood. Kentucky has the 5th lowest violent crime rate out of the 50 states. Louisville Metro Department of Corrections operates two facilities housing approximately 2,000 inmates. Kentucky's 3rd congressional district encompasses most of Louisville Metro, and is represented by Rep. John Yarmuth (D) The primary law enforcement agencies are the Louisville Metro Police Department (LMPD) and the Jefferson County Sheriff's Office (JCSO) 911 emergency medical services are provided by the government as Louisville Metro EMS (LMEMS) which responds to over 120,000 calls for service annually. The only fire department operated by Metro Government is Louisville Fire & Rescue, the successor to the pre-merger Louisville Division of Fire. The other 14 fire departments in Jefferson County are run by independent taxing districts, collectively referred to as Louisville-Jefferson County Fire Service (JCFS) Louisville has been featured on the television show First 48. The show follows LMPD's homicide unit while they try to solve murders. In 2020, Louisville recorded 173 murders; and, in 2021, Louisville recorded 188 murders amidst an ongoing violent crime wave in the City. The city has also been one of the hardest hit by the opioid epidemic.


Louisville is home to several institutions of higher learning. There are six four-year universities, the University of Louisville, Bellarmine University, Boyce College, Spalding University, Sullivan University and Simmons College of Kentucky. The Kentucky School for the Blind, for all of Kentucky's blind and visually impaired students, is located on Frankfort Avenue in the Clifton neighborhood. According to the U.S. Census, of Louisville's population over 25, 21.3% (the national average is 24%) hold a bachelor's degree or higher and 76.1% (80% nationally) have a high school diploma or equivalent. Dupont Manual High School ranks 30th in the nation overall for best high schools, and 13th in best magnet high schools. Due to Louisville's large Catholic population, there are 27 Catholic schools in the city. The public school system, Jefferson County Public Schools, consists of more than 100,000 students in 173 schools. The city's public schools are one of the largest in the United States, with more than 80% of students attending at least one school. The school system has been in operation since 1877. It was the first public high school in the state of Kentucky to open in 1878. The district has been the site of the Kentucky State Hospital since 1881. The state's public high schools have been in existence since 1878, and the state's first high school was opened in 1883. It is the only state school to have been part of the state legislature for more than 30 years.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Louisville, Jefferson County, Kentucky = 19.8. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 13. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 20. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Louisville = 4.3 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 633,045 individuals with a median age of 38 age the population dropped by -6.18% in Louisville, Jefferson County, Kentucky population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 1,900 residents per square mile of area (720/km²). There are average 2.18 people per household in the 246,590 households with an average household income of $32,050 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 10.90% of the available work force and has dropped -2.47% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 24.16%. The number of physicians in Louisville per 100,000 population = 348.4.


The annual rainfall in Louisville = 44.1 inches and the annual snowfall = 15.2 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 124. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 193. 88 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 25.2 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 38, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Louisville, Jefferson County, Kentucky which are owned by the occupant = 46.93%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 56 years with median home cost = $83,460 and home appreciation of -1.80%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $8.25 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $4,663 per student. There are 17.2 students for each teacher in the school, 373 students for each Librarian and 389 students for each Counselor. 4.82% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 12.75% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 8.90% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Louisville's population in Jefferson County, Kentucky of 204,731 residents in 1900 has increased 3,09-fold to 633,045 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 52.23% female residents and 47.77% male residents live in Louisville, Jefferson County, Kentucky.

    As of 2020 in Louisville, Jefferson County, Kentucky are married and the remaining 58.21% are single population.

  • 22.1 minutes is the average time that residents in Louisville require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    73.81% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 12.65% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 6.90% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 1.80% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Louisville, Jefferson County, Kentucky, 46.93% are owner-occupied homes, another 42.25% are rented apartments, and the remaining 10.82% are vacant.

  • The 52.84% of the population in Louisville, Jefferson County, Kentucky who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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