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Mountain View

Mountain View, California

  •   State: 
    Santa Clara County
    Mountain View
      County FIPS: 
    37°23′22″N 122°4′55″W
      Area total: 
    12.24 sq mi (31.69 km²)
      Area land: 
    11.96 sq mi (30.97 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.28 sq mi (0.72 km²)
    105 ft (32 m)
    1902; Incorporated November 7, 1902
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA
    Pacific Standard Time (PST) UTC-8:00; Pacific Daylight Time (PDT) UTC-7:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Mountain View, Santa Clara County, California, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    6,700 residents per square mile of area (2,600/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

Mountain View is a city in Santa Clara County, California, United States. Named for its views of the Santa Cruz Mountains, it has a population of 82,376. Mountain View was integral to the early history and growth of Silicon Valley, and is the location of many high technology companies. In 1956, William Shockley established Shockley Semiconductor Laboratory in Mountain View, the first company to develop silicon semiconductor devices in Silicon Valley. Today, Mountain View houses the headquarters of many of the world's largest technology companies, including Google and Alphabet Inc. The city borders Palo Alto and the San Francisco Bay to the north, and Moffett Federal Airfield and Sunnyvale to the east. In 1940, the city was the base of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (now the NASA Ames Research Center), which had a strong influence on the development of aerospace and electronics industries. The U.S. Navy's adjacent 1,000-acre (4.0 km²) Moffett Field Complex was constructed beginning after 1931; its development attracted many workers and it brought many economic opportunities. Between 1950 and 1960, the population grew from 6,563 to 30,889, an increase of 370.7%. The city was named for these two mountain ranges, which lie west of the city. The two demarcate the Santa Clara Valley, which is separate from the Pacific Ocean, and the Camino Real, which lies north of Mountain View. It is bounded to the northwest by Palo Alto, the north by the Bay, south and east by the Moffett Airfield.


The southwest shore of San Francisco Bay was settled by European-Americans in 1852 as a stagecoach station. By the early 1900s, it was a shipping point for fruit and grain, as well as a center of religious book publishing. In 1940, the city was the base of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (now the NASA Ames Research Center), which had a strong influence on the development of aerospace and electronics industries. Between 1950 and 1960, the population grew from 6,563 to 30,889, an increase of 370.7%. In 1990, Kevin Duggan began his position as city manager. He built a relationship with Google, Inc., and issued a long-term lease to it and other technology companies. As of 2014, those leases generate over $5 million per year in city revenue. The Castro Street downtown area also benefited from a special tax district. The city's voters approved a rent control ordinance in 2016, and in 2017, the City Council voted to impose a rent-control law. The City of Sunnyvale is located in the northern part of the Bay Area, near San Francisco and San Jose. It is home to the San Francisco Giants, San Jose Earthquakes, San Francisco Warriors, San Diego Padres, and San Francisco 49ers football teams. It has a population of 30,000, the largest of any U.S. city outside of Los Angeles and San Diego. It was founded in 1842 by Francisco Estrada on a Mexican land grant of Rancho Pastoria de las Borregas.


Mountain View is located in the south-eastern and south western section of the San Francisco Peninsula. It is located at the north end of State Route 85, where it meets U.S. Route 101. The city is bounded to the northwest by Palo Alto, to the north by the Bay, and to the south and southwest by Los Altos. To the east by Sunnyvale and Moffett Federal Airfield and Sunnyvale to the east. Mountain View has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csb: dry-sumMER subtropical). Summers are warm and dry, while winters are cool and wet. However, both summers and winters are somewhat moderated due to its relative proximity to the Pacific, although it has a lesser maritime influence than San Francisco further north on the peninsula. The Santa Cruz Mountains separate the city from the Pacific Ocean. The two ranges demarcate the Santa Clara Valley. State Route 82 follows the route of the historic El Camino Real through Mountain View. Most of Mountain View consists of residential neighborhoods. The Blossom Valley neighborhood comprises five smaller neighborhoods: Springer Meadows, Varsity Park, Blossom Valley Estates, Springer Trees, and Gest Ranch. The Cuernavaca neighborhood is located off Crestview Drive near the Sunnyvale border. This neighborhood used to be the location of a cherry orchard, and later a nine-hole golf course and swim club before it was turned into housing, which was completed in 1989. The Monta Loma neighborhood houses a collection of California-style mid-century modern houses.


Mountain View is one of the major cities that make up Silicon Valley. It has many notable Silicon Valley companies either headquartered there or with a large presence. As of 2018, major tech companies such as Google and Mozilla were headquartered in Mountain View. In 2018, the comparison site CareerBliss ranked the city number 1 in the United States on its list of Happiest Cities to Work for 2018. Due to its history as a center for semiconductor manufacturing, Mountain View has seven sites on the Environmental Protection Agency's Final National Priorities List (NPL) The sites were formerly used by companies including Fairchild Semiconductor, Intel, Raytheon, CTS Printex Inc., Spectra-Physics, Jasco Chemical, GTE and Teledyne. These seven sites make up a portion of the 22 NPL sites in Santa Clara County, which are included in the total of 94 sites in California. The city's main employers in the city are:According to the city's 2020 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the main employers for Mountain View are Google, Facebook, Twitter, Apple, Facebook Messenger, LinkedIn, Microsoft, Yahoo, Microsoft 365, and Yahoo! Home, among others. Mountain View's minimum wage will rise to $15.65 on January 1, 2019, with the increase delayed by one year for companies with 25 or fewer employees. The minimum wage in Mountain VIEW is $16.05 per hour as of January 2020, and will rise again in January 2021.


The 2010 United States Census reported that Mountain View had a population of 74,066. There were 33,881 housing units at an average density of 2,760.6 per square mile (1,065.9/km²), of which 13,332 (41.7%) were owner-occupied, and 18,625 (58.3%) were occupied by renters. In 2016, 8.7 percent of people in Mountain View were living below the poverty line. In December 2017, Google received approval to build nearly 10,000 new units of housing near its future campus in the city. As of 2013, according to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, Mountain VIEW had an unemployment rate of 5%. It had a female population of 49.1 percent and a male population of 50.9 percent. The number of homeless individuals in Mountain VIEW increased 51% from 2015 to 2017. In August 2017, the Mercury News had seen RVs and recreational vehicles become the choice of residence for many working poor in the City. The city's communications coordinator called it a "new" situation, noting that many of the residents living in RVs were working up to three jobs, and that affordable housing was hard to come by in theCity. The median age was 35.9 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.6 males. For each 100 females age 18 and over, there are 103.5 males. The population was spread out, with 14,594 people under the age of 18, 5,401 people aged 18 to 24, 28,577 people aged 25 to 44, 17,647 people (23.8%) aged 45 to 64, and 7,846 people (10.6%) who were 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31.


Mountain View has a council-manager government system. An executive city manager is in charge of several departments. The city council, supported by several boards, commissions, and committees, is the legislature responsible for the ordinances of the city code. The City Council maintains a number of Council Advisory Bodies, which provide input on a range of city matters pertaining to development, land use and historical preservation. Mountain View is in California's 18th congressional district, represented by Democrat Anna Eshoo. The Mountain View Police Department maintains patrol, traffic enforcement, detective, K9 and SWAT services for the city, and participates in several task forces, including the Regional Allied Computer Crime Task Force (REACT) and the Regional Auto Theft Task force (RAATF). The Mountainview Fire Department maintains five stations, and is responsible for fire protection and emergency medical services. The Community Development Department is the agency responsible for planning and zoning. The mayor is a council member appointed by their peers each year, and the city is represented by a 7-member council elected at-large. It is in the 13th Senate District and the 24th Assembly District, and in the United States House of Representatives, representing Democrats Josh Becker and Marc Berman. It has a population of 4,000, with a population growth rate of 0.7% in the last five years, according to the City of Mountain View's 2010 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report (CAFPR) The city has a budget of $1.2 million.


Mountain View is served by a mix of public and private schools. The public elementary (Bubb, Castro, Imai, Landels, Mistral, Monta Loma, Stevenson, Theuerkauf, and Vargas) and middle schools (Crittenden and Graham) are governed by the Mountain View-Whisman School District. Springer Elementary, although located within the borders of Mountain View, is governed byThe Los Altos School District and consists of Alta Vista High School and Mountain View High School. The current ratio of students to full-time-equivalent teachers in the Mountainview public elementary schools is 20.4 : 1. notable private schools in Mountain View include: Khan Lab School, a laboratory school associated with Khan Academy; Saint Francis High School; German International School of Silicon Valley (GISSV), a PK-12 German-English bilingual international school. Mountain View has one central public library, which has video, music, books, and access to the Internet. Displayed outside the library is a piece of the Berlin Wall, installed in 2013. The library provides outreach services through the bookmobile and S.O.S. volunteer program to those in Mountain VIEW who are unable to come to the main branch. The building was built in 1997. The second floor of the library has a special collection in a room devoted to the history of Mountain VIEW, which features a portrait of Crisanto Castro, for whom the major downtown thoroughfare is named.


The Downtown Mountain View Station is the transit center for the city, connecting the public commuter rail, light rail, bus, and private shuttle systems. Mountain View is served by the Caltrain commuter rail system, which runs from San Francisco to Gilroy. There are a total of four stations in the city on the Orange Line VTA light rail line. The three nearest major airports are San Jose International Airport, San Francisco International Airport (SFO), and Oakland International Airport. Moffett Federal Airfield is located just north of Mountain View. The nearest general aviation airport is the Palo Alto Airport of Santa Clara County. On August 16, 2006, Google announced that its implementation of free IEEE 802.11g wireless service for all of the city was fully operational. On February 19, 2014, the City of Mountain VIEW and Google announced a new connectivity plan for residents, to replace the existing system. Service was to be available along the downtown corridor of Mountainview, primarily on Castro Street. Other areas to be covered included Rengstorff Park, the Mountain View Public Library, Senior, Community, and Teen Centers. The city is also served by a free community shuttle bus that serves 50 stops within Mountain View, with three routes beginning and ending at Downtown Mountainview Station during morning and evening commute hours. There is also a free free shuttle service that runs three routes throughout Mountain View beginning and end at during morning, evening and weekend commute hours, with two routes starting and ending in San Francisco.

Points of interest

Mountain View has a pedestrian-friendly downtown centered on Castro Street. The largest park in the city is Shoreline Park, which was built on a landfill and runs along the Bay north of U.S. Route 101. A paved pedestrian and bicycle path, the Stevens Creek Trail, runs alongside the creek for nearly its entire distance in Mountain View. Every summer, once a month, the city celebrates Thursday Night Live by closing off Castro street to cars and providing live music events and car shows. The city is home to the National Register of Historic Places-listed Moffett Field, a joint civil-military federal airfield located between northern Mountain View and northern Sunnyvale, California. Its hangars for blimps and rigid airships (now mostly vacant) make unique landmarks for motorists on Highway 101. The Mountain View Voice is a local newspaper, which began publishing in 1993. The Computer History Museum has a collection of computing artifacts. The St. Joseph Parish was founded in 1905 and survived the 1906 San Francisco earthquake, only to burn down in 1928. The current St Joseph's Seminary building was built in 1929 and operated between 1924 and 1991. The Googleplex is a five-acre park located near the Googleplex that was designed by SWA Group who received an ASLA Centennial Medallion in 1999 for their work. There is a farmers' market in the Caltrain parking lot every Sunday morning. The entire length of El Camino in Mountain VIEW is a low-density commercial area.

Sister cities

The Mountain View Sister City Affiliation was incorporated in 1974 as an independent non-profit governed by a board of directors. Mountain View is affiliated with the cities of Iwata, Shizuoka, Japan and Hasselt, Belgium. The rock garden in Pioneer Park was a gift from the sister city of IwATA to celebrate the completion of Mountain View's City Hall building. The Rock Garden is a gift to Mountain View from Iwata to celebrate its City Hall's completion. It is part of the Iwata-Mountain View Rock Garden Project, which also includes a garden in the Pioneer Park area of the city. The City Hall of the City of the same name is located in the same building as the Rock Garden, which was gift by Iwata. The two cities are sister cities in Japan and Belgium, and have a sister city relationship in the city of HasselT, Belgium, which has a Sister City Agreement with Mountain View. The sister city agreement was established in 1973 and is still in effect today. It was signed by the governments of both cities in 1973. The Sister City Alliance was formed in 1974. The first Sister City was the City Council of the Town of Mountainview, California. The second Sister City is the City Of Iwata - Mountain View, Japan. The cities have an agreement in place to be sister cities until the end of the 20th century, when they will become independent of each other. The third Sister City will be the Sister City of Hasselst - Hassel t, Belgium which was signed in 1998.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Mountain View, Santa Clara County, California = 11.8. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 40. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 10. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Mountain View = 5.1 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 82,376 individuals with a median age of 38.6 age the population grows by 1.41% in Mountain View, Santa Clara County, California population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 6,700 residents per square mile of area (2,600/km²). There are average 2.28 people per household in the 31,244 households with an average household income of $83,210 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 8.90% of the available work force and has dropped -6.14% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 18.82%. The number of physicians in Mountain View per 100,000 population = 263.9.


The annual rainfall in Mountain View = 16.6 inches and the annual snowfall = 0 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 56. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 256. 78 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 38.6 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 51, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Mountain View, Santa Clara County, California which are owned by the occupant = 39.49%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 38 years with median home cost = $701,020 and home appreciation of -12.60%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $5.62 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $5,985 per student. There are 20.4 students for each teacher in the school, 4397 students for each Librarian and 920 students for each Counselor. 5.55% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 29.94% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 25.62% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Mountain View's population in Santa Clara County, California of 1,736 residents in 1900 has increased 47,45-fold to 82,376 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 47.82% female residents and 52.18% male residents live in Mountain View, Santa Clara County, California.

    As of 2020 in Mountain View, Santa Clara County, California are married and the remaining 49.29% are single population.

  • 23.9 minutes is the average time that residents in Mountain View require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    78.29% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 8.37% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 4.86% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 3.32% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Mountain View, Santa Clara County, California, 39.49% are owner-occupied homes, another 55.49% are rented apartments, and the remaining 5.01% are vacant.

  • The 42.24% of the population in Mountain View, Santa Clara County, California who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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