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Chula Vista

City of Chula Vista

  •   State: 
    California
      County: 
    San Diego County
      City: 
    Chula Vista
      County FIPS: 
    06073
      Coordinates: 
    32°37′40″N 117°2′53″W
      Area total: 
    52.09 sq mi
      Area land: 
    49.64 sq mi (128.56 km²)
      Area water: 
    2.46 sq mi (6.36 km²)
      Elevation: 
    66 ft (20 m)
      Established: 
    1821; Incorporated November 28, 1911
  •   Latitude: 
    32,6261
      Longitude: 
    -117,0739
      Dman name cbsa: 
    San Diego-Chula Vista-Carlsbad, CA
      Timezone: 
    Pacific Standard Time (PST) UTC-8:00; Pacific Daylight Time (PDT) UTC-7:00
      ZIP codes: 
    91909
    91910
    91911
    91912
    91913
    91914
    91915
    91921
      GMAP: 

    Chula Vista, San Diego County, California, United States

  •   Population: 
    275,487
      Population density: 
    5,549.70 residents per square mile of area (2,142.87/km²)
      Household income: 
    $64,426
      Households: 
    72,904
      Unemployment rate: 
    12.30%
  •   Sales taxes: 
    7.75%
      Income taxes: 
    9.30%

Chula Vista (; Spanish for '"Beautiful View"') is the second-largest city in the San Diego metropolitan area, the seventh largest city in Southern California, and the fifteenth largest city of California. The city was founded in the early 19th century and incorporated in October 1911. Chula Vista is one of America's few year-round United States Olympic Training centers, while popular tourist destinations include Sesame Place San Diego and North Island Credit Union Amphitheatre. The population was 275,487 as of the 2020 census, up from 243,916 as ofThe 2010 census. The area, along with San Diego, was inhabited by the Kumeyaay before contact from the Spanish, who later claimed the area. It is not until the Oligocene epoch that land life fossils have been found; although Eocene epoch fossils have also been found in nearby Bonita. The oldest site of human settlement within the modern boundaries of Chula. Vista, was named Otai by the Spanish in 1769, and had been occupied as far back as 7,980 years ago. The town is located about halfway7.5 miles (12.1 km)between the two downtowns of San. Diego and Tijuana in the South Bay, the city is at the center of one of the richest culturally diverse zones in the U.S. in the United States. In the 1870s and 1880s, mining was done on Rancho Janal, Rancho Otay, and Rancho de la Nación.

History

The oldest site of human settlement within the modern boundaries of Chula Vista, was named Otai by the Spanish in 1769, and had been occupied as far back as 7,980 years ago. In 3000 BCE, people speaking the Yuman (Quechan) language began moving into the region from the Lower Colorado River Valley and southwestern Arizona portions of the Sonoran desert. The Kumeyaay tribe came to populate the land, on which the city sits today, and lived in the area for hundreds of years. The town began as a five thousand acre development, with the first house being erected in 1887; by 1889, ten houses had been completed. In 1915, a Carnegie Library was built on F Street. The city's first city council members was a former Cleveland Cleveland Yacht Club member, Greg Rogers, who would build the first yacht club on the West Coast to build specific boats. In 1916, the city became the first city to build a sloop, which resulted in a uniquely designed sloop race, which was the first in the United States. In the early 20th century, the lemon was introduced to the city, by a retired professor from the University of Wisconsin. The lemon can be roughly translated from Spanish as "beautiful view"; the name was suggested by Sweetwater Dam designer James D. Schulyer. In 1873, the U.S. Army built a telegraph line between San Diego and Fort Yuma which ran through Telegraph Canyon.

Geography

Chula Vista is the second largest city, by area, within San Diego County. It is located between the foothills of the Jamul and San Ysidro Mountains and San Diego Bay. The La Nacion and Rose Canyon Fault zones have moved rocks from Pleistocene and younger eras. As late as 13,000 years ago, soils in the Rancho del Rey area have been unaffected by fault activity. Chula Vista has a semi-arid climate (BSk), with mediterranean characteristics, though the winter rainfall is too low and erratic to qualify as an actual Mediterranean climate. The warmest low on record is 78 °F (26 °C) in 2016, while the warmest average night between 1991 and 2020 stood at 72 °C (22 °C). In late 2018, a new Rapid bus route was created, taking passengers from the Otay Mesa Port of Entry, through Eastern Chulas Vista, and then into Downtown San Diego. The city covers an area of 52.1 square miles (135 km²), 49.6 square miles of land, and 4.73% of it water. It has within its city limits the Sweetwater Marsh unit of the San DiegoBay NWR. It also maintains several city maintained open space areas. The community of Montgomery was annexed by the city, after several failed attempts, in 1986; The community consists of most of the area south of L Street, west of Hilltop Drive and north of San Diego's city limit. In the years around 2008 thousands of Tijuana's elite bought houses in and moved to Eastern Chula. Vista escaping violence, kidnapping and other crime taking place only a few miles away.

Demographics

The 2010 United States Census reported that Chula Vista had a population of 243,916. There were 79,416 housing units at an average density of 1,524.5 per square mile (588.6/km²), of which 43,855 (58.1%) were owner-occupied, and 31,660 (41.9%) were occupied by renters. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 37.2%. Of these individuals, 26% were under the age of 18. In 2000, the city's population was 173,556. The racial make up of the city during the 2000 census was 55.1% White, 22. 1% Other, 11% Asian, 5.8% of two or more races, 4.6% African American, 0.8%, Native American, and 0.6%) Pacific Islander. In 1990, the population was 135,163. In the 1980s, the racial make-up was 83,927. The city is located on the San Diego River, which flows into the Bay Area. The San Diego County Board of Supervisors has a district that includes the city. The district is one of the oldest in the state, dating back to the 18th century. It was the site of the U.S. Civil War, and the Battle of the Santa Ysabel, which took place in 1875 and 1876. It is located near the border with San Diego, and was once part of the California Gold Rush.

Economy

Chula Vista maintains a business atmosphere that encourages growth and development. The small business sector amounts for the majority of Chula Vista's business populace. The city has numerous dining, shopping, and cinema experiences. The U.S. Olympic Training Center assists current and future Olympic athletes in archery, rowing, kayaking, soccer (association football), softball, field hockey, tennis, track and field, and cycling. Otay Valley Regional Park is located partially within the city, where it covers the area of a natural river valley. Sports fishing and whale watching charters operate the region's regional bay area. The top employers in the city are: Sesame Place San Diego, North Island Credit Union Amphitheatre, OnStage Playhouse, and the Chulula Vista Marina, home to multiple marinas and being home to the Chulara Vista Yacht Club. Chulala Vista Center is the city's main shopping mall, opened in 1962. The Chulla Vista Nature Center is home to interactive exhibits describing geologic and historic aspects of the Sweetwater Marsh and San Diego Bay. The Otay valley Regional Park covers the areas of anatural river valley, where the city is located. The Marina at Chula Vista is located in South Bay including multiple marina and beingHome to the Chula vista Yacht Club, which operates the regional bay area's sports fishing and whale watching charters. The Olympic Training Center assists current and future Olympic athletes in archery, rowing, kayaking, softball and ball.

Arts and culture

Chula Vista is home to OnStage Playhouse, the only live theater in South Bay, San Diego. North Island Credit Union Amphitheater is the areas first major concert music facility. Downtown Chula Vista hosts a number of cultural events, including the famous Lemon Festival, Starlight Parade, and Chula VISTA Rose Festival. Other points of interest and events include the Chula Vista Nature Center, the J Street Harbor, and the Third Avenue Village. The city is located in San Diego's South Bay region, on the San Diego Bay shoreline. It is located on the eastern edge of San Diego County, just south of the city's downtown area. The town has a population of 1.2 million. The population of South Bay is 1.3 million, with the majority of residents living in the South Bay area of San Diego County. The majority of the population lives in South Bay county. The area is about 30 miles from downtown San Diego, California. The San Diego Bay is the largest city in the SanDiego regional area, with an area population of about 1.4 million. It has an area economy of about $1.2 billion. The South Bay regions are home to a large number of businesses, many of which are based in the downtown area of Chula vista. The city is also home to the National Institute of Arts and Sciences, which provides grants and scholarships to students. It also has a large community of residents.

Sports

Chula Vista is the site of the Chula Vista Elite Athlete Training Center, formerly the Olympic Training Center. The U.S. national rugby team practices at the OTC. In 2009 Parkview Little League won the 2009 Little League World Series, earning the nickname "The Blue Bombers" In 2013 Eastlake Little League winning the American Championship. In 2018, Rebels SC soccer club formed the first ever United Premier Soccer League team for the city. They played in the San Diego County League for the first two years and won the second Division before covid stopped the 2019-2020 season. The Rebels SC adult team were able to win the Fall 2021 South San Diego Division and reach the National Finals but ultimately lost to FC Arizona in the round of 32. The city is also home to Chula Vista FC which gained national attention with its 2015 Lamar Hunt U S. Open Cup run. The team won the San Diego County League and reached the second division of the National League before being relegated to the San Dieguito Counties League in the 2019-2021 season. They also reached the National Finals of the National Federation of Soccer in the Fall 2021 season. The club's adult team was able to reached the National Finals but ultimately lost to FC Arizona in the round of 32. In 2013 the city's Little League team won the American Championship at the 2013 Little League World Series. In 2013 the Eastlake Little League won the American Championship at the 2013 World Series.

Government

The City of Chula Vista is a California charter city operating under the councilmanager government form. The council is composed of four members elected from geographic districts and led by a mayor who is elected by the entire city. The city council serves as the legislative body of the city, and it appoints a city manager to serve as chief administrator. As of 2018 the city's police and fire departments are understaffed, and ambulance services are contracted out to American Medical Response. The three largest registered parties in the city are the Democratic Party with 47,986, Republican Party with 31,633, and Decline to State with 29,692. In the U.S. House of Representatives, it is represented by Democrat Juan Vargas (51st district) and Democrat Sara Jacobs (53rd district) At the state and federal levels, the city is represented entirely by Democrats. In 2011 redistricting by the California Citizens Redistricting Commission, theCity's federal representation was split between the 51st and 53rd congressional districts. The most recent general election was held in November 2018 for districts 1 and 2. The next elections for these seats will be held in 2022. The top-two candidates in the primary election advance to a runoff election, called the general election. In a survey conducted by The Bay Area Center for Voting Research in 2004, it found that Chula VISION had a 50.59% conservative vote compared to a 49.41% liberal vote. The current mayor is Mary Casillas Salas.

Education

Chula Vista is home to one of the four private colleges in San Diego County and is host to Southwestern College. The city has been trying since 1986 to get a university located in the city. In 2012, the city acquired a 375-acre (152 ha) parcel of land in the Otay Lakes area intended for the development of a University Park and Research Center. State Assemblymember Shirley Weber has proposed that the state open a satellite or extension campus of the California State University system at the site, with the hope that it will grow into a full university. The Chula Vista Elementary School District, the largest K-6 district in the State of California, with 44 campuses, serves publicly educated kindergarten through sixth grade students. The Sweetwater Union High School District serves as the secondary school district, headquartered in Chula Vista. It is the largest high school district in California, serving approximately 19,000 students annually. It was founded in 1961 and is the only high school in the San Diego area to be part of a state school district. The district has 44 campuses and serves public kindergarten through sixth grade students. It also has a high school that serves public elementary and middle school students, as well as some private schools. The school district is the second largest in the state, after San Diego City College, with more than 1,200 students in its high school division. The high school is located in a suburb of San Diego, and is part of the National Elementary District.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Chula Vista, San Diego County, California = 5.2. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 75. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 70. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Chula Vista = 5.9 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO (www.who.int/news-room/questions-and-answers/item/radiation-the-ultraviolet-(uv)-index) and is uniform worldwide.

Employed

The most recent city population of 275,487 individuals with a median age of 33.1 age the population grows by 31.50% in Chula Vista, San Diego County, California population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 5,549.70 residents per square mile of area (2,142.87/km²). There are average 3.12 people per household in the 72,904 households with an average household income of $64,426 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 12.30% of the available work force and has dropped -5.41% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 16.88%. The number of physicians in Chula Vista per 100,000 population = 243.9.

Weather

The annual rainfall in Chula Vista = 9.2 inches and the annual snowfall = 0.1 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 37. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 261. 73 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 44.8 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 46, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Chula Vista, San Diego County, California which are owned by the occupant = 56.42%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 24 years with median home cost = $301,260 and home appreciation of -12.16%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $7.35 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.

Study

The local school district spends $5,030 per student. There are 21.2 students for each teacher in the school, 2737 students for each Librarian and 575 students for each Counselor. 8.94% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 17.37% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 7.62% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Chula Vista's population in San Diego County, California of 2,045 residents in 1900 has increased 134,71-fold to 275,487 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 51.24% female residents and 48.76% male residents live in Chula Vista, San Diego County, California.

    As of 2020 in Chula Vista, San Diego County, California are married and the remaining 40.29% are single population.

  • 28.7 minutes is the average time that residents in Chula Vista require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    77.73% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 13.10% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 3.27% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 2.88% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Chula Vista, San Diego County, California, 56.42% are owner-occupied homes, another 36.17% are rented apartments, and the remaining 7.41% are vacant.

  • The 42.69% of the population in Chula Vista, San Diego County, California who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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